Aadhaar is a 12 digit unique-identity number issued to all Indian residents based on their biometric and
demographic data. The data is collected by the Unique Identification Authority of
India (UIDAI), a statutory authority established on 12 July 2016 by the
Government of India, under the Ministry of Electronics and Information
Technology, under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016.
Aadhaar is the world’s largest biometric ID system, with over 1.154 billion enrolled
members as of 11 June 2017. As of this date, over 99% of Indians aged 18 and
above had been enrolled in Aadhaar.World Bank Chief Economist Paul
Romer described Aadhar as “the most sophisticated ID programe in world”.
In June 2017, Home ministry clarified that Aadhaar is not a valid identification document for Indians travelling to
Nepal and Bhutan.

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